venerdì 21 dicembre 2012

Accessing remote EJB on JBoss AS 7.1 from web application

Finally, after many and many hours spent on a solution, I'm able to deploy an EJB module and access it from a differente machine! Here are the steps:

1) JBoss AS 7.1 running on a Debian Distribution. To build and deploy the EJB module I used Eclipse (juno version)
2) Apache Tomcat 7.0.32 on a DIFFERENT machine on which I'm going to develop a simple servlet to get the remote ejb deployed on JBoss. I used Netbeans 7.2 here, just because I still prefer Netbeans when developing web applications. 

STEP 1. This is the key point of the entire work. I found hundreds of guides on the web explaining how to invoke remote ejb from a separated client, but noone of these pointed out this important issue. Either you are using Glassfish or JBoss to develop your EJB module you first have to set your server in such a way that is reachable from the outside and not only in localhost. To do this you have to edit the server descriptor, in this case ( JBoss ) standalone.xml. In ${JBOSS_HOME}/standalone/configuration/ there is our file, open it. Quite at the end of the file, we can find the interfaces definitions; ADD A NEW INTERFACE (I called it mine), setting the access of it to any ip. The result should be this:

Following the interfaces, we can find the socket-binding-group tag, which sets the ports required for the given interfaces. In our case, change the default-interface parameter to match the new interface ( mine again in this case ); the outpout should be:
STEP 2. Now we need to add a new APPLICATION user to the JBoss server. To do that run the add-user script ( ${JBOSS_HOME}/bin/ ) and select the b) option. The user and password will be used by the client to access the EJB module on the server. The a) option instead (managment user) allow you to create a username and password needed to access the administration panel of JBoss.

STEP 3. We are ready to develop an EJBModule on our JBoss server. Just create for example a stateless session bean on eclipse, providing a remote interface:

session bean pattern:

package ejb;

import javax.ejb.Remote;

public class FirstBean implements RemoteFirstBean{
//implemtation of interface's methods

interface pattern:

package ejb;

public interface RemoteFirstBean{
//declaration of methods

Now we can deploy the module on JBoss, no errors should rise up.

STEP 4. On my client pc, I create a java Web application using Tomcat as web server. After that, just create a servlet including in the processRequest method the following code just to test our remote invocation:

final Hashtable jndiProperties = new Hashtable();
jndiProperties.put(Context.URL_PKG_PREFIXES, "org.jboss.ejb.client.naming");
try {
            final Context context = new InitialContext(jndiProperties);
            String appName = "";
            String moduleName = "jboss-firstbean";
            String distinctName = "";
            String beanName = "FirstBean";
            String interfaceFullName = "ejb.RemoteFirstBean";
            final String jndi = "ejb:" + appName + "/" + moduleName + "/" + distinctName + "/" + beanName + "!" + viewClassName;
            RemoteFirstBean statelessRemote = (RemoteFirstBean)context.lookup(jndi);

        } catch (NamingException ex) {

As we can see, first create an InitialContext putting "org.jboss.ejb.client.naming" as url_pkg_prefixes. This tells our application to lookup in his classpath for the file in which it will find all the information to access our remote ejb. Now we just need to lookup in the context for the bean using the jndi specification used the JBoss (remember to include in the project the same interface as the JBoss one). The jndi specification is the following:


Appname should be the name of the .ear file we have deployed on JBoss (if deploying an Enterprise Application) . In my case I just deployed a .jar file as simple EJB module so app-name will be empty. Module-name is the name of the EJB module deployed ( the .jar file on JBoss ), in my case is "jboss-firstbean". Distinct name as well is empty. The full path of the remote interface in my case is ejb.RemoteFirstBean. The resulting jndi will be:


After the lookup, we can try some methods of the bean to verify if everything works.

STEP 5. As I said before, we must now set the properties file. It must be placed in the classpath of the web application. Create a file with the name and insert the following(field,value):

4447 is the default port for remoting of JBoss. Just use the Ip of the JBoss server machine.

STEP 6. Last step. In order to use org.jboss.ejb.client.naming on the client application, I needed to include in my project the jboss-client.jar library which can be found in ${JBOSS_HOME}/bin/client/

STEP 7. Run the servlet, and all should works fine :) (EJBModule should be running as well :P )

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